Solving the Mistery – Who is Esau-Edom?
“And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.” – Revelation 17:6
After the conquest of Judah by the Babylonians, some of the Edomites who had mixed with the “Jews” in their land, resettled with them in Judea (Jer. 40:11-12). Two centuries later all of Edom was driven out of Mt. Seir. In today society, this “Jews”, who ha settled in Israel, came from Eastern Europe.
John Hyrcanus conquered the whole of Edom and undertook the forced conversion of its inhabitants to Judaism (Joseph., Ant. XIII, 9, 1). Thenceforth the Edomites became a section of the Jewish people.
Thus, at this juncture of time the Edomites “were then incorporated with the Jewish nation, and their country was called by the Greeks and Romans ‘Idumea’ (Mark iii. 8; Ptolemy, “Geography, “v.16).” But the tide turned in favor of the Edomite faction when Julius Caesar made Antipater, an Edomite, Procurator of Judea in 47 B.C. When Antipater was killed four years later his son Herod gained power but was rejected by the Judahites. Herod shrewdly gained the support of Rome. With a Roman army at his heels he returned to Palestine, and after a six-month siege he captured Jerusalem, and became king of Judea in 37 B.c.
Herod even rebuilt the Temple as it was in ruins from repeated sieges, part of which Herod was responsible for by his attack upon the city. The Temple of God became in a sense Herod’s temple. We thus find that in the years just before the time of Christ, Judea was controlled by an Edomite faction, who usurped the Judahite name, land and heritage. Under Hyrcanus, the Edomites were forced to be part of Judean culture; but under Herod the Herodian faction had control over the Judean’s culture and way of life. Confounding the matter is the fact that some Judahites had intermixed with Edomite, Canaanite and other alien stock at the time they returned from the Babylonian captivity (Ezra 9:1, 2; Neh. 13:3, 23-25). These mixedblood people were also hostile toward the Judean Israelites.
The land was not the Kingdom of Judah, but the nation of the Jews (Judeans). Historically the Edomites became known as “Jews,” a term derived from “Judea,” which was derived from the name “Judah,” being the royal line of Israel, though they were never of Judah or Israel.
During Titus’ siege of Jerusalem(66-70 A.D.), “20,000 Idumeans appeared before Jerusalem to fight in behalf of the Zealots who were besieged in the Temple.”s About 97,000 inhabitants of Judea were taken captive, and an unknown number had fled either before or during the siege.
This is the last mention of the Edomites as a people in history. Yet Bible prophecy indicates that Edom would be an enemy of Israel in latter times. We find that their only connection to a present day people and religion is with the Jews and Judaism. We thus need to trace back the origin of the Jews to see who they are and how they fit into the puzzle of who is Esau-Edom.
The Khazars were a nomadic people who had no traces of Hebraic culture. They had been following a pagan and sex-oriented religion until they had officially embraced Judaism in 740 A.D., while rejecting Christianity’ and Mohammedism. The Jewish author and historian, Arthur Koestler, also concludes that the majority of east European Jews-and hence of world Jewry-is of Khazar and not of Semitic origin. In the beginning of his book he states:
“… the large majority of surviving Jews in the world is of Eastern European—and thus perhaps mainly of Khazar–origin. If so, this would mean that their ancestors came not from the Jordan but from the Volga, not from Canaan, but from the Caucasus; … and that genetically they are more closely related to the Hun, Uigur and Magyar tribes than to the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”
“There is an abundance of ancient place names in the Ukraine and Poland, which derive from ‘Khazar’ or ‘Zhid’ (Jew).”
The best historical evidence therefore, shows that the Jews are not descended directly from the Israelites of the Bible but derive much of their ancestry from the Khazars and other people of Turkish-Asiatic blood. The Khazars are also of Edomite stock and both stocks make up the present day Jews, as the historian H. G. Wells states, “ … the ldumeans (Edomites) were … made Jews, .. and a Turkish people (Khazars) were mainly Jews in South Russia …. The main part of Jewry never was in Judea and had never come out of Judea. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the original stock of the Khazars came from the land of Edom:
Hasdai ibn Shaprut, who was foreign minister to Abd al-Rahman, Sultan of Cordova, in his letter to King Joseph of the Chazars (about 960), … speaks of the tradition according to which the Chazars once dwelt near the Seir Mountains
The “Seir Mountains” are none other than the original and of Esau-Edom-”Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom” (Genesis 36:8). Seir was a mountain range south of the Dead Sea and was also known as the “land of Edom” (Gen. 36:21). The Seir mountains were the home of the Edomites for nearly a millennium. Thus, it should be no surprise that migrants from that land would recall the name of their original homeland.
If the Khazars did originally “dwell near the Seir Mountains” then the Khazars, and thus world Jewry, are racially of Edomite stock. But how and when did Edomites get to Khazaria? There is evidence that in the 6th century B.c., some of the Edomites fled their homeland of Seir and migrated north:
“After the fall of Jerusalem, in 586 B.C., the Edomites began to press northward (Ezek. 36:5).”
Although they are called “Jews,” a term which is derived from the word “Judah,” these people are not true Judahites but became a mixed or hybridized people, consisting of Edomites, Hittites, Canaanites, Judahites, Babylonians, Ishmaelites, Huns, Khazars, etc. When they migrated to other lands throughout the centuries, they retained their “Jew” or Judahite identity but brought with them the religion of Babylon.
Who is Eau-Edom? Charles A. Weisman
Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 6, (1971) p. 378. The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia (1977) p. 589, reiterates the same account.
The Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. V, (1904), p.41.
Arthur Koestler, The Thirteenth Tribe, Random House, 1967, p. 17
H.G. Wells, The Outline of History, 3rd ed, MacMillian-1921, p.494
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